Aims & Objectives


To develop an understanding of the home as a source of infection of AMR bacteria carried by dust, by exploring hygiene practices across different home environments in Ghana, with the ultimate aim to reduce bacterial infection in the home environment thereby reducing AMR.


  1. Identify the current local hygiene practices and how the diversity of dust-born bacteria in different home environments in Ghana is driven by hygiene practices.
  2. Establish how different household beliefs between ‘dust’ and ‘germs’, and between ‘cleanliness’ and ‘hygiene’ impact on domestic hygiene practices.
  3. Consider how to best make safe hygiene practices parts of daily routine that are sustained by social norms through co-design activities.
  4. Validate and disseminate the proposed hygiene practices through consultation and dissemination with key stakeholders.